November 2, 2020   |   by admin

Georgius Gemistus Pletho’s Criticism of Plato and Aristotle. A DISSERTATION. SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY. OF THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF ARTS AND. PLETHO, GIORGIUS GEMISTUS(c. –) Giorgius Gemistus Pletho, the leading Byzantine scholar and philosopher of the fifteenth century, was born in. George Gemistus Plethon. retrieved. 9 October place of birth · Constantinople. 1 reference. imported from Wikimedia project · German Wikipedia.

Author: Meztirisar Gagor
Country: French Guiana
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Marketing
Published (Last): 17 September 2013
Pages: 335
PDF File Size: 5.5 Mb
ePub File Size: 7.37 Mb
ISBN: 126-5-80846-677-8
Downloads: 35085
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: JoJojinn

Methuen, Gemjstus by certain of his teachers, Pletho became interested primarily in the philosophy of Plato, whose writings had again been brought into vogue in Byzantium during the eleventh-century renaissance under the influence of the Neoplatonic philosopher-statesman Michael Psellus.

While still in Florence, Plethon wrote a volume titled Wherein Aristotle disagrees with Platocommonly called De Differentiisto correct the misunderstandings he had encountered. Aristotle, ancient Greek philosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western…. It occurs in the apo- graphs of Marc. Ficino recorded the gemietus about the founding of the Academy: Thus, Aristotle insists on plethk eternal ungenerated universe, whereas, Plethon thinks, Plato believes that the universe was generated but also eternal.

He resided at the court of the despots of the Morea at Mistra near Sparta and died there at an advanced age in June Most of Plethon’s works can be found in J. In a life such as Pletho ‘s books are events, and he must have had many of them at Mistra. hemistus


Migne, Patrologia Graecaclx. It is plefho thought that Joannes Lascaris Cananus, who visited the Baltic, Norway, England and Iceland, began his travels with this mission 19 ; but if so, he returned too late to give any information to Pletho, who knows only Claudius Clavus on Scandinavia.

Through Pletho, ancient doctrines of the Chaldeans and Pythagoreans were transmitted to the West. They were probably all written in Bessarion’s circle beforealthough there is a possibility that some of them were written at Mistra. By having manuscripts brought from Greece and becoming the patron of “the young boy, Ficino,” Cosimo facilitated the preservation and transmission of Greek cultural patrimony into the modern world after the fall of Constantinople in We would like to know how Bessarion acquired them.

Category:Gemistus Pletho

In this respect, his position is the same as Aristotle’s. Wittek, ” Liste des mss.

This codex is part of codex 72 in the catalogue of Cardinal Domenico Grimani pketho. According to Marsilio Ficino, in his introduction to the translation of Plotinus [16]Cosimo de’ Medici attended these lectures and was inspired to found the Accademia Platonica in Florence, where Italian students of Plethon continued to teach after the conclusion of the council.

And he was so immediately inspired, so moved by Gemistos’ fervent tongue, that as a result he conceived in his noble mind a kind of Academy, which he was to bring to birth at the first opportune moment. However, a large number of Plethon’s autograph manuscripts ended up in the ppletho of his former student Cardinal Bessarion.

20th WCP: George Gemistos Plethon on God: Heterodoxy in Defense of Orthodoxy

Most importantly, Plethon served as lay theologian with the Byzantine delegation to the —45 general Council of Ferrara—Florencewhich had been convened to reunite the Latin and Greek churches confronted by the rapid encroachment of the Ottoman Turks upon Constantinople.


The strange blank page at the beginning is explained by N ff. References to Plethon and Sigismondo Malatesta can be found in canto 8. Plethon treats of God in the first three substantive paragraphs of De Differentiis. This page was last edited on 10 Novemberat Ludwich, Eudociae Augustae, Prodi Lycii. In his famous tract “On the Differences between Plato and Aristotle,” he asserts the superiority of Platonism to Aristotelianism, and his Laws, inspired by Plato’s Laws and Republic, advocates a return to the polytheism of ancient Greece.

Pletho’s name does not appear in this codex except in Ressarion’s notice on the guard-leaf: The most probable codex for Pletho’s reading of the second decade of Diodorus is Laur. Grimani codex 72 also contained BC and other works of Pletho not preserved in Vind. As an ad-hoc measure he also supported the reconciliation of the two churches in order to secure Western Europe support against the Ottomans.

Calderini in Sludi Italiani di Filol. Pletho in the text and Ciriaco in the correction.