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Birkat Hamazon, Meein Shalosh, Boreh Nefashot & Bracha Achrona: Nusach Ashkenaz, Sefarad, Edot Hamizrach & Teiman – provided for the public benefit. Learn how to sing the blessings for grace after meals. Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon known in English as the Grace After Meals is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Halakha (“collective body of Jewish.

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September Learn how and when to remove this template message. There are several known texts for birkat hamazon. Retrieved from ” https: At a Passover Sederthe cup of blessing is drunk by everyone present, and functions as the “Third Cup”. Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings.

Birkat Hamazon

Some practice it as a binding halachahothers as an optional custom, and others do not practice it at all. Such authorities disagree, however, on the appropriateness of women leading a zimmun in the presence of men or of three men. Birkat hamazon is typically read to oneself after ordinary meals and often sung aloud on special occasions such as the Shabbat and festivals.

Although the Talmud states that women are obligated to say birkat hamazon and that accordingly, three women can constitute a zimmun and lead it Berachot 45blater authorities, such as Maimonides and the Mishnah Berurahheld that women were exempt from leading a zimmun on grounds that women were not generally sufficiently educated to know how.

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List of Jewish prayers and blessings. Retrieved 16 August Orach Chayim – The scriptural source for the requirement to say birkat hamazon is Deuteronomy 8: AbrahamIsaacJacobMoses and Joshua will all claim unworthiness to lead the grace and the Cup of Blessing will pass to King Davidwho will accept the honour. If one forgets Retzei or ya’aleh ve-Yavoone inserts a short blessing before the fourth blessing.


There is a practice in many Orthodox communities to wash the hands before reciting birkat hamazon. When those present at the meal form a minyan a quorum of ten adult Jewish men there are further additions to the invitation. A minority of Modern Orthodox authorities, citing earlier authorities including Meiri, Sefer HaMeorot and the Shiltei HaGibborim, also hold that 10 women can or should constitute a minyan for purposes of saying Zimmun B’Shem for birkat hamazon.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. There is therefore no blessing said for this washing. An abbreviated form is sometime used when time is lacking.

The first three blessings are regarded as required by scriptural law:. The length of the different Birkat hamazon can vary considerably, from benching under half a minute to more than 5 minutes. Shacharit Preparation Birkot hashachar Akeida Offerings.

Birkas Hamazon – ברכת המזון (Bentching) – Grace After Meals –

On Jewish holidaysthe ya’aleh ve-Yavo paragraph is added and on Shabbat the retzei paragraph is recited, both just before the end of the third blessing. When birdhas hundred are present, the leader says “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten and of Whose goodness we have lived”, and the group responds “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten, and of Whose goodness we have lived.


On Hanukkah and Purim al ha-Nissim is added to the middle of the second blessing.

Accordingly, women forming a zimmun and leading birkat hamazon has become increasingly common in Modern Orthodox circles. It is customary hwmazon the person leading the zimmun to recite the blessings over a cup of wine called the kos shel beracha cup of blessing.

All of these texts follow the same structure described above, but the wording varies. Unlike in Conservative or Reform Judaism hmaazon, even Orthodox authorities who hold that women can form a zimmun maintain that one cannot be formed from a combination of men and women.

When birkat hamazon takes place at the Sheva Brachot seven blessings following a traditional Jewish marriagespecial opening lines reflecting the joy of the occasion are added to the zimmun invitation to grace beginning with Devai Haser. According borchas the Mishnah Berurahthis does not fulfill the terms of the obligation at all; but according to the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat In liberal branches of Bircnas, there is no standard text to be recited and customs vary accordingly.