BATTLE OF HYDASPES PDF

May 26, 2020   |   by admin

A few points to note, assuming Alexander won. 1. Alexander, after defeating Porus, impressed by him makes him the governor of all his territories in India. Hydaspes (Old Indian Vitaçtā, modern Jhelum): river in Pakistan, famous for a battle of Alexander the Great. Hydaspes, possible location of the. After destroying the last remnants of the Persian army at Gaugamela, Alexander spent the next two years occupying the heartlands of central Asia. Continuing.

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After a desperate struggle between man and beast the Macedonian weaponry began to take its toll on the elephant’s. For the first time, the Macedonians had not rushed where he led. Mixed with that fear was the shame hydaspss grief that they had let him down.

Eventually the two forces met and arrayed themselves for the battle. Eggermont, Alexander’s campaign in Southern Punjab Alexander sensed the lack of response among his officers. After conquering the Persian Empire, he entered the north western Indian subcontinent, the present day Pakistan, and launched his campaign there.

It was a shrewd approach. Consequently he brought no ladders forward when his men reached the walls. Peucestas and Leonnatus stepped in front of his body to shield him with their own, as arrows, darts and stones rained down on them.

Overpowered by thirst, the weary Porus finally dismounted his war elephant and demanded water. When Pours arrived at Alexander’s camp he was extremely surprised in that he was treated not as a defeated enemy, but with the respect and honor given to royalty.

When he saw that Alexander was winning a brilliant victory he pressed on and, as his hydaepes were fresh, took over the pursuit. The Macedonian paean rang out as the great beasts crashed into the long spears, impaling themselves.

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In the heavy fighting that ensued Raja lost his life along with almost his entire command. They expected Alexander to continue down the Acesines to where it was joined by the Hydraotes, which sheltered the city of Multan. Fuller saw Diodorus’ casualty figures of 1, men killed as more realistic.

The cavalry encircled the city until the infantry could come up for a proper assault. They remonstrated with Alexander for risking his life and thereby the survival of the army.

Meanwhile, Craterus crossed the river and joined the other Macedonians. With his entire force now across the Hydaspes, Alexander marched inland to face Porus. The men surged around his tent, cheering, weeping and calling down blessings upon him for giving in to their wishes.

However, Porus became enraged on the batyle sight of his nemesis and tossed a spear at him in fury without bothering to listen to his proposal. Name of the Battle: As the Indian charge went forward it was now Alexander who saw the chance he had been waiting bzttle and immediately gave the signal for his hidden cavalry beyond the hills to attack. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. Motilal Banarsidass Publishe — via Google Books.

This was the main road along the Cophento Peucelaotisacross the Industo Taxila, into the direction of Lahore, and beyond, to Patna on the plains of the Ganges. Alexander could not afford to show any weakness if he wanted to keep the loyalty of the already subdued Indian princes.

Battle of the Hydaspes

Alexander placed his cavalry on his right wing and drew up his infantry phalanxes to the left of the cavalry. It was the typical force Alexander normally chose for separate operations under his own eye — one that combined flexibility, speed and shock.

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Hydaspes ( BCE) – Livius

During the yearMadhya Pradesh has produced 28, carats of diamonds up to December… Read Pf Alexander’s crossing of the Hydaspes in the face of Indian forces on the opposite bank was a notable achievement. The Macedonian troops, refusing to go to their camps, instead had stood in arms around the tent, waiting for news. Alexander, noticing that Porus’ disposition was strongest in the center, decided to attack with his cavalry first on the flanks, having his phalanx hold back until the Indian cavalry had been neutralized [38].

The city of Sangala had resisted Alexander and now was a corpse-strewn ruin. Which Indian state is the largest producer of diamonds? Porus placed these animals in front of his infantry; on his wings, he stationed his chariots. As a result, Porus, ‘no longer expecting a sudden attempt under cover of darkness, was lulled into a sense of security.