ITTF HANDBOOK PDF

July 4, 2020   |   by admin

ITTF Handbook v2. GENERAL PROVISIONS. NAME. The Federation shall be called the International Table Tennis Federation, referred to. The rules used to be clearly laid out on the ITTF website, but since they and needs to be extracted from the ITTF Handbook, which is a pain as it’s a large PDF . PJS / Home. About Us. News & Tournaments. Officiating-TTAM. Coaching. Affiliates. Archives. More. © Copyright Table Tennis.

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Table tennisalso known as ping-pongis a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small rackets.

The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net. Except for the initial serve, the rules are generally as follows: A point is scored when a player fails to return the ball within the rules.

Play is fast and demands quick reactions. Spinning the ball alters its trajectory and limits an opponent’s options, giving the hitter a great advantage.

ITTF currently includes member associations. From untilthese were men’s singles, women’s singles, men’s doubles and women’s doubles. Sincea team event has been played instead of the doubles. The sport originated in Victorian England, where it was played among the upper-class as an after-dinner parlour game. Handook name “ping-pong” was in wide use before British manufacturer J. The name “ping-pong” then came to describe the game played using the rather expensive Jaques’s equipment, with other manufacturers calling it table tennis.

A similar situation arose in the United States, where Jaques sold the rights to the hanbdook name to Parker Brothers. Parker Brothers then enforced its trademark for the term in the s making the various associations change their names to “table tennis” instead of the more common, but trademarked, term. The next major innovation was by James W. Gibb, a British enthusiast of table tennis, who discovered novelty celluloid balls on a trip to the US in and found them to be ideal for the game.

This was followed by E. Goode who, ininvented the modern version of the racket by fixing a sheet of pimpled, or stippled, rubber to the wooden blade.

Table Tennis Rules

Table tennis was growing in popularity by to the extent that tournaments were being organized, books being written on the subject, [7] and an unofficial world championship was held in In the s, paddles that used a rubber sheet combined with an underlying sponge layer changed the game dramatically, [1] introducing greater spin and speed.

The use of speed glue increased the spin and speed even further, resulting in changes to the equipment to “slow the game down”. Table tennis was introduced as an Olympic sport at the Olympics in After the Olympics in Sydneythe ITTF instituted several rule changes that were aimed at making table tennis more viable as a televised spectator sport. By that time, players had begun increasing the thickness of the fast sponge layer on their paddles, which made the game excessively fast and difficult to watch on television.

A few months later, the ITTF changed from a point to an point scoring system and the serve rotation was reduced from five points to twoeffective in September The ITTF also changed the rules on service to prevent a player from hiding the ball during service, in order to increase the average length of rallies and to reduce the server’s advantage, effective in The international rules specify that the game is played with a sphere having a mass of 2. The choice of ball color is made according to the table color and its surroundings.

For example, a white ball is easier to see on a green or blue table than it is on a grey table. Manufacturers often indicate the quality of the ball with a star rating system, usually from one to three, three being the highest grade.

ITTF PTT rules and regulations

As this system is not standard across manufacturers, the only way a ball may be used in official competition is upon ITTF approval [23] the ITTF approval can handbopk seen printed on the ball. The table is 2.

The ITTF approves only wooden tables or their derivates. Concrete tables with a steel net or a solid concrete partition are sometimes available in outside public spaces, such as parks.

Players are equipped with a laminated wooden racket covered with rubber on one or two sides depending on the grip of the player. The wooden portion of the racket, often referred to as the “blade”, commonly features anywhere between one and seven plies of wood, though cork, glass fiber, carbon fiber, aluminum fiber, and Kevlar are sometimes used.

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The average size of the blade is about 17 centimetres 6. Table tennis regulations allow different surfaces on each side of the racket.

For example, a player may have a rubber that provides much spin on one side of their racket, and one that provides no spin on the other. By flipping the racket in play, different types of returns are possible. To help a player distinguish between the rubber used by his opposing player, international rules specify that one side must be red while the other side must be black.

Despite high speed play and rapid exchanges, a player can see clearly what side of the racket was used to hit the ball. Current rules state that, unless damaged in play, the racket cannot be exchanged for another racket at any time during a match. According to ITTF rule 2. The correct or incorrect guess gives the “winner” the option to choose to serve, receive, or to choose which side of the table to use.

A common but non-sanctioned method is for the players to play the ball back and forth three times and then play out the point. This is commonly referred to as “serve to play”, “rally to serve”, “play for serve”, or “volley for serve”. In game play, the player serving the ball commences a play. In casual games, many players do not toss the ball upward; however, this is technically illegal and can give the serving player an unfair advantage. The ball must remain behind the endline and above the upper surface of the table, known as the playing surface, at all times during the service.

If the umpire is doubtful of the legality of a service they may first interrupt play and give a warning to the server. If the serve is a clear failure or is doubted again by the umpire after the warning, the receiver scores a point. If the service is “good”, then the receiver must make a “good” return by hitting the ball back before it bounces a second time on receiver’s side of the table so that the ball passes the net and touches the opponent’s court, either directly or after touching the net assembly.

Returning the serve is one of the most difficult parts of the game, as the server’s first move is often the least predictable and thus most advantageous shot due to the numerous spin and speed choices at his or her disposal. A Let is a rally of which the result is not scored, and is called in the following circumstances: A let is also called foul service, if the ball hits the server’s side of the table, if the ball does not pass further than the edge and if the ball hits the table edge and hits the net.

A point is scored by the player for any of several results of the rally: A game shall be won by the player first scoring 11 points unless both players score 10 points, when the game shall be won by the first player subsequently gaining a lead of 2 points. A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games. Service alternates between opponents every two points regardless of winner of the rally until the end of the game, unless both players score ten points or the expedite system is operated, when the sequences of serving and receiving stay the same but each player serves for only one point in turn Deuce.

Table Tennis :: 2ND EUROPEAN GAMES MINSK, BELARUS

After each game, players switch sides of the table. In the last possible game of a match, for example the seventh game in a best of seven matches, players change ends when the first player scores five points, regardless of whose turn it is to serve.

Service is subject to change on game point of the match. Upon the possible last point of the match, the player with the lesser score serves. If the sequence of serving and receiving is out of turn or the ends are not changed, points scored in the wrong situation are still calculated and the game shall be resumed with the order at the score that has been reached.

In addition to games between individual players, pairs may also play table tennis. Singles and doubles are both played in international competition, including the Olympic Games since and the Commonwealth Games since Brothers Dmitry Mazunov and Andrey Mazunov in Women’s doubles finals, World Table Tennis Championships.

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Mixed doubles finals, World Table Tennis Championships. If a game is unfinished after 10 minutes’ play and fewer than 18 points have been scored, the expedite system is initiated. If the expedite system is introduced while the ball is not in play, the previous receiver shall serve first. Under the expedite system, the server must win the point before the opponent makes 13 consecutive returns or the point goes to the opponent.

The system can also be initiated at any time at the request of both players or pairs. Once introduced, the expedite system remains in force until the end of the match. A rule to shorten the time of a match, it is mainly seen in defensive players’ games. Though table tennis players grip their rackets in various ways, their grips can be classified into two major families of styles, penhold and shakehand.

The penhold grip is so-named because one grips the racket similarly to the way one holds a writing instrument. The most popular style, usually referred to as the Chinese penhold style, involves curling the middle, ring, and fourth finger on the back of the blade with the three fingers always touching one another. Japanese and Korean penholders will often use a square-headed racket for an away-from-the-table style of play. Traditionally these square-headed rackets feature a block of cork on top of the handle, as well as a thin layer of cork on the back of the racket, for increased grip and comfort.

Traditionally, penhold players use only one side of the racket to hit the ball during normal play, and the side which is in contact with the last three fingers is generally not used. This configuration is sometimes referred to as “traditional penhold” and is more commonly found in square-headed racket styles.

However, the Chinese developed a technique in the s in which a penholder uses both sides of the racket to hit the ball, where the player produces a backhand stroke most often topspin known as a reverse penhold backhand by turning the traditional side of the racket to face one’s self, and striking the ball with the opposite side of the racket.

This stroke has greatly improved and strengthened the penhold style both physically and psychologically, as it eliminates the strategic weakness of the traditional penhold backhand. The shakehand grip is so-named because the racket is grasped as if one is performing a handshake. In table tennis, “Western” refers to Western nations, for this is the grip that players native to Europe and the Americas have almost exclusively employed.

The shakehand grip’s simplicity and versatility, coupled with the acceptance among top-level Chinese trainers that the European style of play should be emulated and trained against, has established it as a common grip even in China.

The Seemiller grip is named after the American table tennis champion Danny Seemillerwho used it.

It is achieved by placing your thumb and index finger on either side of the bottom of the racquet head and holding the handle with the rest of your fingers. Since only one side of the racquet is used to hanrbook the ball, two contrasting itt types can be applied to the blade, offering the advantage of “twiddling” the racket to fool the opponent.

Seemiller paired inverted rubber with anti-spin rubber; many players today combine inverted and long-pipped rubber.

The grip is considered exceptional for blocking, especially on the handbok side, and for forehand loops of backspin balls. Shakehand grip Vladimir Samsonov. A direct hit on the ball propelling it forward back to the opponent.

This stroke differs from speed drives in other racket sports like tennis because the racket is primarily perpendicular to the direction of the stroke and most of the energy applied to the ball results in speed rather than spincreating a shot that does not arc much, but is fast enough that it can be difficult to return. A speed drive is used mostly for keeping the ball in play, applying pressure on the opponent, and potentially opening up an opportunity for a more powerful attack.

Perfected during the s, [1] the loop is essentially the reverse of the speed drive. The racket is much more parallel to the direction of the stroke “closed” and the racket thus grazes the ball, handook in a large amount of nandbook.