May 31, 2020   |   by admin

The Bart Cham Dao or eight cutting knives is usually the final form taught to a Wing Chun Student. Ip Man only taught a hand full of students this form in his entire.

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However the eight actually refers to the number of different angles the blade cuts through whilst performing the techniques in the form. I shall explore this terminology vorm looking at the history of the weapon itself. It will also teach the practitioner a new type of stepping that can be used in certain situations.

For instance, we have the word knife, machete and sword. Hence the name “eight cutting blade”. Baat is the number 8, Cham is to cut or slash and Dao refers to a single edged blade like a knife or sword. The form has 8 sections.

This linguistic issue is one reason daoo different names.

Many people mistakenly believe this is where the forms name comes from. The fable goes, that the monks would keep the knives in their boots and use them to defend themselves. As you have hopefully noticed, I have simply been referring to the weapon as Dao meaning single edged blade in Cantonesehowever it goes by a multitude of other names. Given that we consider these two features to be what separates Wing Chun style Dao from regular knives and swords, we should next look at early references to these weapons and how they latter evolved.

Butterfly knives are often confused with Bulls Ears swords. Secondly, the D shaped hand guard on the front is reasonably unique in that most Chinese weapons don’t have that kind of guard. Everyday knives used for Wing Chun Another possible theory is that the form is a way of using Wing Chun to fight with domestic knives, for instance Chinese cooking cleavers which are sometimes used in pairs when cooking.

I am never going to use it in the practical sense. Whilst this is again a possibility, I feel this is an unlikely theory due to the nature of the form.

This suggested that the Baat Cham Dao forms appearance in Wing Chun is reasonably recent, perhaps only years ago. We now stock a small selection of high quality Wing Chun butterfly knives. However you would say Jian if the sword has an edge both sides but Dao if it only has one cutting edge. Crossed Wing Chun swords in our association logo. The word Dao or sometimes just spelled Do, can describe a tool which in English we have separate names for.


Wing Chun Form – Bart Cham Dao

Some people call Wing Chun Dao, broadswords. Although again, they use them differently. Whilst this is plausible, there are two key problems. Some people argue, the form can be seen as an extension of the foem techniques, just using a weapon. There are a number of theories about the origin of the form. As described above insome of the first accounts of them [4] are documented in the west simply as double swords. Historically they seem to have been referred to as double swords.

The Chinese term for this is Wu Dip Dao.

Therefore as the from encourages slashing, it seems reasonable that the early Dao were not created for Wing Chun rather, Wing Chun adapted the weapons that already existed. Firstly, the hook on the back of the blade that allows the student to reverse the grip quickly.

rorm Therefore, to me, it seems likely that the Wing Chun form was inspired by other Chinese martial arts that existed at the time, but it had the Wing Chun principles of economy of motion, non-commitment and directness applied.

This is something that can only be done swiftly mid flow, by using the hooks on the back of the Dao, something which would not be present on a domestic knife foorm any sort. An alternative theory is that the form was developed as an adaptation of other styles of Kung Fu that existed in southern China at the time, possibly Fujan White Crane.

The most common theory, but in my opinion least likely theory, is that the form originated with the Shaolin monks.

Wing Tsun Bart Cham Dao Form Section 1 – YouTube | harcművészet | Pinterest | Wing chun and Wings

Evidence, suggests the the shorter blades, that are more optimized for slashing evolved at the very end of the 19th Century or start of the 20th Century. One, there is no evidence that any of the Shaolin sets use Wing Chun style Dao in the same way as Wing Chun students do during the Baat Cham Dao form, namely rotating the blade so the spine of the blade runs parallel to the forearm.


This last point leads nicely onto the evolution of the weapons themselves. Perhaps most importantly it reinforces the underlying Wing Chun principles seen in the other hand forms, for instance economy of motion, deflection etc. They look very similar however the difference in the handle of the weapon will dramatically reduce the functionality of a Bulls Ear sword compared to a pair Butterfly Knives.

This idea supports the theory that the form is likely the evolution of an existing style in southern China at the time. Like no 3 A pair of Ip Man style swords. Fujan White Crane does use two Dao and rotates the blades during the form.

It was likely coined as a reference to the way people tend to mount the knives when putting them on display.

Wing Chun Knife Form – Bart Cham Dao

It looks like the first appearance of bartt weapons was in the early to mind 19th Century ‘s. Furthermore because the knives used in the form are not as big as traditional Chinese swords the techniques translate well into improvised weapons you may find in a modern lifestyle.

Initially a student may ask “Although it may be fun to learn, and nice from traditional perspective, rao should I learn the Bart Cham Dao in this day and age?

Ip Man only taught a hand full seven of students this form in his entire life. History of the weapon Quite a bit of good research [3] has been done into the history of the weapon.

The knives used in Wing Chun are nothing like the Filipino knives with the blade concealed in the handle. History of the form Shaolin monk theory There are a number of theories about the origin of the form. Secondly, a pair of large knives would not be a good choice for non lethal combat. However there are numerous slashes in the form that cut through 8 angles hence the name of the form. Like no 2 A set of mid.

In addition there is a fair amount of evidence [2] to suggest Wing Chun’s hand forms are themselves and adaptation of Fujan crane style and snake style Kung Fu.