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Appar Tirunavukkarasar Nayanar also known as Navakkarasar and Appar ” Father”, was a seventh-century Śaiva Tamil poet-saint, one of the most prominent of. Stream Appar Thevaram – Sottrunai Vedhiyan by jay from desktop or your mobile device. APPAR THEVARAM Music Playlist on Listen to APPAR THEVARAM and download APPAR THEVARAM songs on

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Appar Tirunavukkarasar Nayanar Tamil: He was an older contemporary of Thirugnana Sambandar. His birth-name was Marulneekkiyar. He was called “father” by Sambandar, hence the name Appar. Sundarar states in his Tiruttondartokai that Appar composed hymns of ten or eleven verses each.

This statement is repeated by Nambiyandar Nambi and Sekkizharbut only hymns are known today. Within the Tirumurai, the compositions of Appar, Sundarar and Thirugnana Sambandar are collected within their own volumes, called Tevaram.

Details of Appar’s life are found in his own hymns and in Sekkizhar’s Periya Puranam the last book of the Tirumurai. Appar was born in the middle of 7th century in Tiruvamur, Tamil Naduhis childhood name for Marulneekiar.

His sister, Thilagavathiar was betrothed to a military commander who died in action. When his sister was about to end her life, he pleaded with her not to leave him alone in the world. He is regarded as a divine arrival of saint Vageesar who was a great devotee and a saint at lord Sivan’s Kailasam. When the demon king Ravana out of arrogance attempts to uproot Kailasam that was on his way back to LankaLord Siva gently presses down the mountain with his right toe, that by itself has such a profound effect on Ravana that he nearly dies.

Throughout boyhood, Appar was very much interested in Jainism and started studying its scriptures. He went away from home and stayed in their monastery and was renamed Darmasena. After a while, afflicted by a painful illness in his stomach intussuceptionDharmasena returned home. He was also involved in converting the Pallava king, Mahendravarman to Saivaism.


Appar sanctified all these temples by his verses [6] and was also involved in cleaning of the dilapidated temples called uzhavarapadai.

He was called Tirunavukkarasu, meaning the “King of divine speech”. Navukkarasar is supposed to have stayed many years at Atikai with his sister before visiting other Siva temples to sing in praise of Siva. He heard of Appzr Sambandar and went to Sirkali to meet him. Thiru GnaanaSambandar respectfully addressed Navukkarasar as Appar father and he and Appar travelled together singing hymns.

Appar is said to have traveled to about a hundred and twenty-five temples in different cities or villages in Tamil Nadu. The compilation of these books is generally ascribed to Nambiyandar Nambi 10th CE.

Some of Appar’s hymns set to various Pannsthe melodic thwvaram of Ancient Tamil music – the rest are set to Tirunerisai and Viruttam metres. He was the only one of the four kuravars to visit the shrine at Tirukokarnam on the western coast of India. He sang decads comprising 3, stanzas of devotion. All the songs in the Tevaram called pathikamTamil: The hymns were set to music denoted by Panns and are part of the canon of the Tamil music.

Appar’s poems dealt with inner, emotional and psychological state of the poet saint. The tendency appaf incorporate place names known to the folks in the idiom of the poems is another characteristic feature of Tevaram.


Paadal Petra Sthalams are [16] temples that are revered in the verses of Tevaram and are amongst the greatest Shiva temples of the continent. Vaippu Sthalangal are places that were mentioned casually in the songs in Tevaram. Raja Raja Chola I ruled CE embarked on a mission to recover the hymns after hearing short excerpts of Tevaram in his court.


The first seven books were later called as Tevaram. This collection of 12 books is known as Tirumurai. These are also known as the Tamil Vedas. Thus Saiva literature covers about years of religious, philosophical and literary development. Tevaram was one of the sole reasons for converting Vedic ritual to Agamic puja followed in Shiva temples.

The singing of Tevaram was followed by musicals from the music pillars in such temples like Madurai Meenakshi Amman TempleNellaiappar Temple and Suchindram. Rajaraja deputed 48 pidarars and made liberal provisions for their maintenance and successors.

The charitable establishments that ran on philanthropy of individuals and merchant caravans had come to be because after the 13th century, the time of ancient nation states viz. This is briefed by a 15th-century, chidambaram temple inscription.

During the time of cholas etc.

Composer: Appar Thevaram – MusicIndiaOnline – Indian Music for Free!

These terms are of very ancient origin and traceable to even early sangam times. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Vanmikanathanp. Retrieved 11 January Retrieved 8 July Retrieved from ” https: Converts to Hinduism Nayanars.

Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Raja Raja Chola I.